Vaginal Infections In Pregnancy

Vaginal Infections In Pregnancy
Vaginal Infections In Pregnancy

Due to the effects of pregnancy hormone – rising hormone levels. Expectant mothers are much more susceptible to vaginal infections. What are the most common symptoms? How can they be treated? We have gathered the most important information about vaginal infections during pregnancy.

There are many changes in the body during pregnancy. One of which is always unpleasant vaginal discharge. If the secretions are clear or white and odorless. This is caused by an altered hormonal effect. This indicates a healthy vaginal milieu. 

Photo by Garon Piceli from Pexels

Occasionally, however, abundant flow can indicate an infection. It is caused by an upset in the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina. There are four main vaginal infections that can affect the expectant mother:

  1. Bacterial vaginosis (leading cause of vaginitis).
  2. Fungal infection.
  3. Group B Streptococcus.
  4. Trichomoniasis.

1. Bacterial vaginosis (BV)

Bacterial vaginosis affects more than 3 million women each year. This is found in about 60 percent of those admitted to STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) outpatient clinics. It is also one of the most common genital infections among pregnant women. alsoIt occurs in 12 to 22 percent (every 5th pregnant woman). It occurs when the vaginal pathogens “overgrow”. which can be attributed to the altered hormonal effect. Without treatment. it can lead to preterm birth or even low birth weight. The diagnosis is based on a simple gynecological examination and microscopic. or culture examination of the vaginal secretions.

Symptoms:

  • dilute off-white fluorine with an unpleasant odor.
  • pain during squirting.
  • vaginal itching.
  • Treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends different treatment regimens for non-pregnant as well as pregnant women.

Bacterial vaginosis sometimes resolves spontaneously. While waiting for this. It is better to use vaginal pH lowering therapy in the first trimester. And to use medication only in the second trimester:

How to prevent the development of bacterial vaginosis?

  • Do not sit in a wet bathrobe or wet underwear.
  • wear clean underwear Always, after swimming or training!
  • Wear comfortable, ventilated cotton underwear!
  • Avoid using tight panties, which are a hotbed of bacterial infections!
  • After washing. it is important to choose the right direction of the towel. This will be from the vaginal opening to the rectum!
  • Avoid the use of bath oils!

2. Fungal infection

The burning, itchy infection is caused in most cases by the growth of the Candida fungus. Which is found in the vagina without the disease. Increasing estrogen and progesterone levels during pregnancy create favorable conditions for the development of a fungal infection. But other factors (e.g., antibiotic therapy, sexual intercourse) can also interfere with vaginal pH.

Symptoms:

  • vaginal pain and itching; sometimes swollen mucosal surface.
  • swollen, red vaginal wall and labia majora.
  • dense – sometimes curd – yellowish-white fluorine.
  • painful sex.
  • hip feeling when urinating.
  • Treatment and dangers of a fungal infection during pregnancy.

There is usually no risk of Candida infection (neither for the mother nor for the fetus) during pregnancy. But in severe immunodeficiency (eg HIV infection ) the fungal infection can cause severe gastrointestinal infection and even enter the bloodstream. with very serious consequences. creating a state.

How this fungal infections prevented?

  • Wear well-ventilated cotton underwear.
  • Sleep without underwear!
  • Stay well hydrated, drink a minimum of 2 but preferably 3 liters of fluid a day!
  • Eat complex carbohydrates, avoid refined sugar!
  • Drink lots of yogurt!

3. Group B Streptococcus (GBS)

All healthy women are approx. 20 to 25 percent have GBS. Usually in the intestinal tract, rectum, or vagina. Screening for pregnancy 35-37. happens automatically within a week.

Symptoms

GBS can cause infection in the urinary tract but usually does not cause any complaints. Painful, burning squirts, cloudy urine, and an urge to urinate may occur as a sign of a urinary tract infection.

How to prevent the development of group B Streptococcus?

Unfortunately, there is no known method of prevention.

4. Trichomoniasis

Trichomonas is one of the most common and best treatable STDs. according to the CDC, there are 7.5 million new infections.

Symptoms

greenish-yellowish, foamy, unpleasant-smelling fluoride.

itching, burning, and irritation during sex.

Treatment of Trichomoniasis.

How to prevent the development of Trichomoniazis?

Use a condom!